- 1819. Queen Victoria is born
- 1820. Florence Nightingale is born
- 1826. First photograph taken by Joseph Nicophore Niepce.
- 1829. Catholic Emancipation, ending most denials or restrictions of
Catholic civil rights, ownership of property, and holding of public
- 1834. Slavery banned in British colonies.
- 1835-1841. Brunel builds London to Bristol railway for GWR.
- 1837. Queen Victoria comes to the throne.
- 1837. Charles Dickens publishes Pickwick Papers - instant
- 1838. Charles Dickens publishes Oliver Twist - still one of
his best known books.
- 1838. Brunel builds the paddle steamer the Great Western
(made the Bristol New-York crossing in under 15 days).
- 1840. Queen Victoria marries her cousin Prince Albert.
- 1840. Penny post instituted.
- 1843. Charles Dickens publishes A Christmas Carol - a
- 1844. Potato famine begins in Ireland.
- 1845. Brunel builds the S.S Great Britain -first propeller
driven steamship ever.
- 1848. Karl Marx and Frederich Engels publish the Communist
Manifesto - summed up as the abolition of private property.
- 1849. Charles Dickens publishes David Copperfield - said to
be his own favourite.
- 1851. Great Exhibition of 1851- the Crystal Palace was built to house
this exhibition - 6 million tickets were sold.
- 1853. Crimean war breaks out.
- 1854. Florence Nightingale goes to Crimea to organise nursing
during the war.
- 1856. Crimean war ends.
- 1858. Brunel builds the Great Eastern the biggest steamship
of its time.
- 1859. Charles Dickens publishes A Tale of Two Cities based on
the French Revolution of 1789.
- 1859. Brunel dies - death caused by overwork and worry.
- 1859. Charles Darwin publishes Origin of Species - first
edition sells out in one day - amid raging controversy.
- 1860. Florence Nightingale publishes first ever definitive
textbooks on nursing.
- 1860. Charles Dickens publishes Great Expectations -
considered by many to be his finest novel.
- 1861. Prince Albert dies of typhoid fever aged 42.
- 1861-1865. American Civil War.
- 1865. American President Abraham Lincoln is assassinated.
- 1867. Disraeli introduces a law so that all taxpayers can now
- 1868. Disraeli becomes Prime Minister for the first time but
is only in post for several months - defeated in election.
- 1868. Last shipment of convicts from England to Australia.
- 1869. Suez Canal built by Ferdinand de Lesseps - ship journey to
Australia and Far East cut dramatically.
- 1870. Charles Dickens dies - strain of doing public readings
hastened his death aged 58.
- 1874. Disraeli becomes Prime minister for the second time and
governs until 1880.
- 1875. Disraeli buys Suez Canal Shares, gaining a controlling
interest for Britain.
- 1876. Disraeli gives the title Empress of India to Queen
- 1877. Telephones become available, invented by Scottish scientist
Alexander Graham Bell.
- 1877. Thomas Edison invents the phonograph - he records and plays
back- Mary had a little lamb.
- 1879. Electric light-bulb invented by U.S inventor Thomas Edison.
- 1881. Benjamin Disraeli dies.
- 1885. First automobile built by Karl Benz.
- 1888. Jack the Ripper murders terrify East End of London.
- 1893. New Zealand is the first country to give women the right to
- 1901. Queen Victoria dies.
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